Man giving child support money to wife

What Expenses Does Child Support Cover? 

Brazil Clark, PLLC Jan. 25, 2024

When it comes to divorce or separation, understanding the financial responsibilities can be overwhelming. Child support, an essential aspect of these proceedings, is aimed at ensuring the needs of minor children are met. It's a tough path to walk alone, and that's where professional legal guidance becomes invaluable. 

Attorney Frank Brazil understands this deeply. Leading the team at Brazil Clark, PLLC, located in Nashville, Tennessee, he offers his knowledge in family law to help clients understand what child support covers. Serving clients throughout the region, they're dedicated to protecting your rights and ensuring your children's best interests are prioritized. 

The Basics of Child Support  

Child support, as a legal term, refers to the financial responsibility shared by parents to provide for their minor children's needs. It's an integral part of family law that ensures a child's basic necessities are met, regardless of the parents' marital status. 

The following are a couple of fundamental aspects of child support: 

  • Obligation: Child support is a legal obligation, enforceable by court orders. It isn't optional, and failure to comply can lead to severe legal consequences. 

  • Duration: Child support typically continues until the child turns 18 or graduates from high school, whichever comes later. However, in certain circumstances, like if the child decides to pursue higher education or has special needs, support may continue beyond this age. 

What Does Child Support Cover?  

Child support is designed to ensure that a child's standard of living is maintained and their basic needs are met, even when their parents are no longer together. It's not simply about covering the basics; it also contributes to various aspects of a child's upbringing and development. 

Here are some of the costs typically covered by child support: 

  • Housing: This includes mortgage payments or rent, utilities, property taxes, and household maintenance costs. Essentially, child support contributes to providing a safe and comfortable living environment for the child. 

  • Food: Child support covers the cost of groceries, meals, and other food-related expenses necessary for the child's nutrition and growth. 

  • Clothing: From everyday attire to special occasion outfits and seasonal clothing, child support helps ensure the child is appropriately dressed. 

  • Healthcare: This can include health insurance premiums, out-of-pocket medical costs, dental care, vision care, and any other healthcare expenses related to the child's well-being. 

  • Education: Child support may contribute to school fees, textbooks, uniforms, extracurricular activities, tutoring, and other education-related expenses. 

  • Transportation: This encompasses the costs associated with getting the child to and from school, extracurricular activities, social events, and during visitations with the non-custodial parent. 

  • Entertainment: Child support can also cover costs related to leisure activities, hobbies, sports, outings, and other forms of entertainment that contribute to the child's overall happiness and development. 

The team at Brazil Clark, PLLC, led by Attorney Frank Brazil, understands that every family's situation is unique. They're dedicated to helping clients understand the complexities of child support in Tennessee. 

Determining Child Support Payments  

How much child support is paid is typically determined either through an agreement between parents or by the court. If parents can agree on an amount, it's included in the child custody agreement and approved by the court. However, if the court finds the amount insufficient, it can override the agreement. 

Factors Affecting Child Support  

The amount of child support a parent is required to pay in Tennessee isn't arbitrary. It's calculated based on specific factors that aim to ensure the child's needs are met adequately. Understanding these factors can help parents better anticipate their financial obligations and prepare accordingly. 

Here are several key factors that courts consider when determining child support: 

  • Both Parents' Income: The income of both parents is a primary consideration. This includes wages, salaries, bonuses, commissions, income from self-employment, pensions, interest, dividends, rental income, and more. The court will take into account the income of both the custodial and non-custodial parent. 

  • Custodial Parent's Income: While both parents' incomes are considered, the custodial parent's income plays a significant role as it directly impacts the child's standard of living. 

  • Number of Children: As expected, the number of children involved influences the child support amount. More children mean greater financial responsibility. In Tennessee, child support payments typically range from 20% to 30% of the non-custodial parent's total income. 

  • Child Custody: The custody arrangement also impacts child support. If parents have joint custody, the time each parent spends with the child might influence the child support amount. 

  • Children's Needs: The specific needs of the children are crucial. This includes educational expenses, healthcare costs, daycare, extracurricular activities, and any special needs the child might have. 

Understanding these factors can be challenging, but you don't have to do it alone. Attorney Frank Brazil and the team at Brazil Clark, PLLC, have extensive experience dealing with child support matters.  

Modifying Child Support Arrangements  

Existing child support agreements aren't set in stone. They can be modified through the court if there's a change in circumstances. Both parents must petition the court for this modification, and it's wise to consult with an experienced family law attorney before doing so. 

The Importance of Formal Agreements  

Having a formal child support agreement in place is crucial as it brings clarity and reduces potential disputes between parents. It's therefore recommended to seek legal guidance to establish a formal child support agreement. 

Assisting You & Your Family

Understanding what expenses child support covers is critical for parents facing divorce or separation. It ensures the needs of minor children are met and helps maintain their standard of living. With the help of an experienced attorney like Frank Brazil and his team at Brazil Clark, PLLC, you can approach this financial and legal topic with confidence. Serving clients throughout Nashville, Tennessee, they're dedicated to providing experienced legal guidance and protecting the rights of families. With their extensive experience in family law, they'll ensure your children's best interests are always prioritized.